ESTRO 2023 - Abstract Book


Saturday 13 May

ESTRO 2023

Figure 1: Confusion matrices for the four test sets: A) Iridium Netwerk, B) Institution 1, C) Institution 2 and D) Institution 3. Conclusion A ML model was developed that can correlate PCM to in-house QA results and classify between acceptable and not acceptable beams based on plan complexity. This approach can help identifying cases that require attention to increase efficiency and streamline the PSQA process. Based on the current external validation, it is advisable to develop in-house algorithms, applying institution specific QA procedures or a combined model with data from a different centre with the same QA platform. Future work might focus on identifying parameters that are required to generalize the model. OC-0117 A deterministic algorithm for patient-specific quality assurance in online adaptive proton therapy T. Burlacu 1 , D. Lathouwers 1 , Z. Perkó 1 1 HollandPTC consortium – Erasmus Medical Center (ErasmusMC), Rotterdam, Holland Proton Therapy Center (HollandPTC), Delft, Leiden University Medical Center (LUMC), Leiden, and Delft University of Technology (TU Delft), Delft, The Netherlands, Delft University of Technology, Department of Radiation Science and Technology, Delft, The Netherlands Purpose or Objective To develop a physics-based deterministic proton transport algorithm (DPQA) that can cheaply but accurately compute dosimetric changes based on CT and log-files derived perturbations, serving thus as an independent patient-specific quality assurance tool. Materials and Methods Online adaptive workflows necessitate accurate and fast solutions of the Linear Boltzmann Equation (LBE). Through the Continuous Slowing Down Approximation with energy straggling, the Fermi-Eyges approximation and assuming energy separability, the LBE was simplified into two partial differential equations (PDEs): the one-dimensional Fokker-Planck (FPE) and the Fermi-Eyges equations (FEE). The FPE was solved numerically using the discontinuous Galerkin Finite Element Method in energy and the Crank-Nicholson method in depth, correctly modelling heterogeneities. The FEE has an analytical Gaussian solution whose coefficients are determined by depth-wise integrating the transport cross section. To handle lateral heterogeneities a beam-splitting scheme with concentric rings surrounding the original beam was implemented. The beamlet weights, spreads and distances from the central axis were optimized and their number increased with the distance from the central axis. The PDE based methodology allows applying adjoint theory, yielding fast determination of the energy deposited (or other metrics of clinical interest) in a variable region of interest (ROI) due to perturbations (anatomy, beam delivery) without repeated re-calculations. Results Sub-second beamlet run times were achieved. An integrated depth dose (IDD) comparison in a homogeneous water tank versus TOPAS Monte Carlo calculations (considered the gold standard) showed good overlap in the Bragg peak and an enhanced IDD in the entrance region compared to Bortfeld’s algorithm due to the modelling of nuclear interactions. Disabling nuclear interactions results in a 3D gamma index (1 mm/1 %) passing rate of 100%. A laterally heterogeneous phantom was also tested, in which two slabs (of ± 400 HU) are placed between 1 and 3 cm in depth in a tank with a base composition of 10 HU. A 3D gamma index (1 mm/1%) resulted in 97.3 % passing rate (Figure 1). Proffered Papers: Autosegmentation & automation for QA

As perturbations for the adjoint component, slabs of different thickness and positions were placed along the depth of the tank and the energy deposited in the ROI was computed. Near overlap was achieved for medium perturbation ranges (±40 HU) and large HU ranges (±1000 HU) yielded <18% maximal errors (Figure 2).

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